Egypt's Mohamed El-Baradei, known for preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons, and indian activist Kailash Satyarthi, a promoter of the movement against child labor, are two of the Laureates who will participate in the 16th World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates to take place February 2-5 at Corferias.
They will be accompanied by another 25 Laureates and Organizations who have won the Nobel Peace Prize and have confirmed their attendance at the event, to take place for the first time in Latin America.
The event, organized by the Bogotá Chamber of Commerce and the Permanent Secretariat of the World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates, seeks to generate massive participation of business owners, citizens, youth, authorities and academia, through which management models for peacebuilding may be identified and replicated in both Colombia and the rest of the world.
Experts to share their experiences
Nobel Peace Prize 2005
Between 1997 and 2009, this diplomat, law scholar and politician from Egypt led the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an intergovernmental organization under the auspices of the United Nations.
In 2005 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize together with the IAEA, at a time when the threat of nuclear weapons was growing. He was awarded this prize for his work at the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency of the United Nations, from which he led multiple initiatives against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and their use as weapons of war, as well as ensuring that nuclear energy be used for altruistic purposes and in the safest way possible.
El-Baradei coordinated the UN verification mission in Iraq, which sought to confirm the disarmament of the country and to inspect the possible existence of weapons of mass destruction.
The lessons of this diplomat are important in determining how disarmament can be tackled as a peacebuilding process in post-conflict settings such as that currently under way in Colombia, while at the same time helping the international community take a peaceful stand regarding decisions that are made on the use of nuclear energy.
Nobel Peace Prize 2014
Since the 1990's, this activist from India has proposed abolishing child labor through Bachpan Bachao Andolan, an Organization that has freed more than 80,000 children from various forms of slavery, and has allowed them to reintegrate, rehabilitate and access education. In addition, she has led global campaigns that include processes of consumer awareness to not buy products made by child slaves.
According to Kailash Satyarthi, to achieve a peaceful world, the rights of children and youth must be respected. Following the tradition of Mahatma Gandhi, she has undertaken the task of preventing child abuse. She has also contributed to the development of international conventions on the rights of children.
In 2014, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize together with Malala Yousafzai, "for her fight against the repression of children and youth, and for their right to education." Currently, Satyarthi continues to work for this cause and to generate more opportunities for the children of the world.
The experience shared by this Laureate in Colombia will be useful in understanding gaps in policies that impede the free development of children in the world and the role of civil society in the construction of an environment ensuring their protection.